Suez - Travel to Egypt

Suez is an artificial waterway that is located in Egypt and it also connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. This canal had been inaugurated in the month of November 1869 and it allows the transportation of water between Asia and Europe without going around Africa. The Port Said is the northern terminus and the Port Tawfik on the Southern terminus in the city of Suez Ismailia also lies on its West Bank that is about 3km north of the half way point.

When the canal was first built it was about 164 km long and about 8m deep. There were multiple enlargements later on carried out and now the canal is about 193.30km long and about 24m deep. In the year 2010 the canal is 205 metres and it also consists of a northern access channel of 22km the canal is 162.25km and the southern access channel that is about 9km.

The Suez Canal is a single lane that passes through places like the Ballah by Pass that is in the Great Bitter Lake. It also contains no locks and the sea water also flows to the north of winter and to the south of summer. The south current of the lake changes with the tide of Suez. This canal is maintained and also owned by the Suez Canal Authority of the Arab Republic of Egypt. Under the international treaty this canal is used at the time of war and peace by every vessel of commerce and war without the distinction of a flag.  The ancient west and the east canals have facilitated travel from the river Nile to the Red Sea. One smaller canal was also believed to have been made under the supervision of either Senusret II or Ramesses.

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Suez - Travel in Egypt

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There was another canal that probably also included a portion of the first canal and it was made during the reign of Necho II and later completed by Darius. There is evidence that Sesostris may have begun work on the ancient canal by joining the Nile with the Red Sea. This occurred in the period of 1897 BC to 1839 BC. During that period the Red Sea reached north to the Bitter Lakes and Lake Timsah. Aristotle in one of his metrology records had written that one of their kings had tried to build a canal to make the region more navigable and Sesostris is said to be one of the first kings that tried. He discovered that the sea was higher than the ground and so he and Darius stopped making the canal with the fear that the sea water would mix with the river water and in turn spoil it.


Over the next few years subsequent attempts were made to build the canal by many kings and eventually it came into existence in the year 1869. Today this canal has no locks because of its flat terrain and there is a minor sea level difference that is found in the canal today.


The canal also has one shipping lane that passes through the Ballah Bypass near the El Qantara and in the Great Bitter Lake. On the typical day there are about three convoys that can transit in the canal and there is one that is southbound and one that is northbound.



The first of the Southbound convoys enters the canal and then it proceeds to the Great Bitter Lake where the ship has the capacity to anchor out of the fairway that awaits the passage of the convoy that goes northbound. The northbound convoy is one that passes through the second southbound convoy that moors in the Ballah Bypass. This passage generally takes about 11 to 16 hours and the speed that is generated is about 8 knots. The low speed also helps prevent the erosion of the canal banks that are caused by ships during transit. In the year 1995 there were approximately about two-thirds of the oil of Europe had passed down through the canal. There was about 7.5% of the world sea trade that was carried through the canal. In the 2008 there are about 21,415 vessels that passed through the canal and the receipts that the total canal recorded were about $5.381 billion. The average cost per ship is about $251,000.00.


There are some New Rules of Navigation that also constitute an improvement over the previous ones that existed and they were passed by the board of directors of the Suez Canal Authority to organize the transit of the vessels and the tankers. This came into effect on the 1st of January 2008. There were some important amendments to the canal that was done and they allowed vessels that were 62 foot long for transit. The breath was increased from 32 metres to 40 metres. There were also a number of improved operations that were also undertaken for safety reasons. The authorities also imposed a fine on those vessels that used drivers without the permission from the SCA that were inside the boundaries of the canal. The amendments also allows the vessels that packed with dangerous cargo like radioactive or the inflammable materials that are transited after bringing conformity to the latest amendments that are rendered by the international conventions. The SCA also gives the right to determine the total number of tugs that are needed to help the warships in transiting the canal to get the highest degree of safety during the transportation of the ships. The Suez Canal is one that has the capacity to handle more ship traffic that is larger than the Panama Canal.


Toady the Suez Canal is one of the most famous canals in the world and it is also a major spot that are visited by tourists. It is one of the prime attractions of Egypt and at the same time holds major significance for the purpose of the transportation of ships in the area. The canal is a place that is frequently used by ships and it is an important canal that connects both the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea conveniently